Not sure what else to say. This is definitely game breaking. As far as I am aware, this is happening on Single Player in the second level, everything absolutely blacks out like it was going to start a cutscene, which I assume there is one when you reach the first objective to turn off the engines before attacking the nests, all of which that never comes up. The only way to bypass it is to die. Not fun. And this happens multiple times too, I managed to get out of it after dying the first time but then as you reach the first nest, it does it again. You're literally playing blind as everything still goes on. It is as permanent as it appears. I know this was rather recent release for the PS4 but this is pretty awful.
As for how to trigger this, I would only assume just playing the second level in Singleplayer and getting to your objective and activating it before you're told to destroy something. Not sure what else beyond that, it is consistent and happens every time I start the level from scratch.